Medals Depicting Civil War Figures
Major General John C. Freemont Medal
DeWitt JF 1864-1, silver, 39.8mm
(Image courtesy Stacks Bowers)
DeWitt JF 1864-1, copper, 39.8mm
DeWitt JF 1864-1, brass, 39.8mm
DeWitt JF 1864-1, white metal, 39.8mm
DeWitt JF 1864-1, nickel, 39.8mm
(image courtesy of Stacks Bowers)
This medal was issued by Alfred S. Robinson; 25 copies were
struck in copper and brass, an unknown quantity in silver and
white metal. The nickel variety is not listed.
Major General Jesse L. Reno Medal
Copper alloy (99.36% copper, .38% platinum, .12% zinc), 34.3mm
Major General W.T. Sherman Medalets
First obverse, 24 pointed star reverse, silver, 31mm
First obverse, 24 pointed star reverse, copper, 31.2mm
First obverse, 24 pointed star reverse, brass, 31mm
First obverse, 24 pointed star reverse, silvered white metal, 31mm
| This piece is listed in "Identification Discs of Union Soldiers in The Civil War" as 17B; only white metal and brass pieces are listed. In their survey of disc they do not list any engraved ones with these dies and the empty space does not seem large enough to include much information. I have my doubts as to whether these actually were used as identification discs.
| This reverse die with the 24 pointed star seemed to have been a stock die that he would pull out to use whenever he needed to. Below are several examples as well as the St. Johns Church medal on the "Church Tokens and Medals page.
"In Memory of Abraham Lincoln" Medal
White metal, 31.1mm
| This obverse is also found with a Lincoln Political medalet obverse, DeWitt AL 1860-34, that was the work of George H's brother John Doubleday. Because of other mulings it is likely George H obtained and used this die providing further evidence that this is the work of George H. Lovett.
Lockwood Sewing School Medal
White metal, 31mm
(image courtesy of Steve Hayden)
First obverse, cavalry symbols reverse, silver, 31.1mm
| Note the raised bump at 12 o'clock on the reverse indicating where the hole was to be punched. These must have been struck intending to be holed and worn. Were the silver examples meant to be worn or just struck for collectors. This is the first and only I have seen.
First obverse, corps badges reverse, white metal, 31.2mm
| An example of this medal suspended from an eagle clasp is in the collection of the Oskosh Public Museum. The description on their website reads "Army of Georgia Veteran's pin: Silver plated tin eagle with spread wings; a wire ring at bottom suspends a stamped circular medallion with raised portrait of "MAJ. GEN. W. T. SHERMAN" on obverse and raised images of acorn (14th Army Corps), 5-point star (20th Army Corps), Cartridge box in diamond (15th Army Corps), and arrow (16th Army Corps) on reverse. These four Army Corps were part of Sherman's Army of Georgia that marched with him from Atlanta to Savannah on the Atlantic coast and through the Carolinas. These pins can be seen being worn on the left breast of Sherman's veterans at the end of the Civil War. (http://www.oshkoshmuseum.org/Virtual/exhibit3/e30202b.htm)
Second obverse, corps badges reverse, copper, 31.24mm
| This obverse is very similar in style to the Major General H.G. Berry piece below. Was George H. attempting a series of famous Civil War generals?
Second obverse, corps badges reverse, aluminum, 31.2mm
| Until the mid 1880's aluminum was considered a rare metal and was sometimes worth more than gold so it had not been used on tokens such as these. This must have been struck sometime after that by George H. or someone using his dies.
Lieutenant General U.S. Grant Medal
DeWitt USG 1868-9, copper, 31.1mm
DeWitt USG 1868-9, brass, 32mm
DeWitt USG 1868-9, white metal, 32mm
Major General H.G. Berry Medal
White metal, 28mm
| The description for the muling below in Stacks Bowers Americana Sale, January 26, 2011 stated that the original pairing was struck in silver, copper, brass and tin. I have not seen nor do I have any records for brass or white metal examples.
Major General H.G. Berry / Bolen's Liberty Cap Mule
(image courtesy of Stack's Bowers)
| The description in the January 2011 Americana Sale called this piece unique but the second piece below I was able to examine in the collection of Neil Mussante at the March 2013 Whitman Expo. I know of no other mulings or examples of this muling in any other metals.
(image courtesy of John Kraljevich)
Major General Ambrose Everett Burnside Medal
Storer 39, white metal, 40mm
McPherson - Society of the Army of The Tennessee Medalets
These small medalets seem to have quite an identity crisis! They are listed in Julian's "Medals of the United States Mint" as having been struck at the Mint in bronze, with white metal ones struck outside the Mint, but apparently Julian had never seen any examples. It list the engraver as unknown but it is obvious by the initials it was George H.. He quotes a fiscal report for 1876 showing 'GAR Stars and Eagles' were struck but no stars or eagle are found in the design.
Rulau in his "Standard Catalog" list copper, white metal, brass, and silver pieces in the Trade Token section then repeats Julian by saying the copper examples were struck at the mint with the white metal pieces struck by George H.; where did the brass and silver pieces come from? In the Miscellany chapter of "Medallic Portraits of Washington" the McPherson die with a Pater Patria die is listed in brass but the description says it was also "muled" with the Society of the Army of The Tennessee die! And lately it has been claimed that this combination is a Civil War token.
I think the most likely scenario is that George H. knew there would be a gathering of veterans of the Army of The Tennessee for a tenth anniversary in Washington at which the equestrian statue of McPherson would be unveiled. In his usual manner he saw this as an opportunity to produce and sell these pieces as souvenirs; the empty space on the reverse available for personal engraving. And of course he then had to produce a few rarities for collectors so he proceeded to strike a few mulings in very limited numbers using his Pater Patriae die and General U.S. Grant die!
DC-WA 27, white metal, 21mm
DC-WA 27A, copper, 21mm
DC-WA 27B, brass, 21mm
DC-WA 27C, silver, 21mm
McPherson Statue, Washington D.C.
Major General James McPherson succeeded Major General Sherman as third commander of the Army of the Tennessee in March of 1864. He was killed on July 22, 1864 during the Battle of Atlanta.
In April, 1865, the Society of the Army of the Tennessee was formed at Raleigh, North Carolina, membership being restricted to officers who had served with the old Army of the Tennessee. The object was declared to be " to keep alive that kindly and cordial feeling which has been one of the characteristics of this army during its career in the service." General Sherman was elected president in 1869, and continued to hold the office for many years.
McPherson / Pater Patriae mule
(image courtesy of Ernie Latter)
McPherson /1868 Grant Mule
Army of the Tennessee / 1868 Grant Mule
A2060, copper, 21mm
(image courtesy of Erica Schlather)
| I first became aware of this muling in Nov. 2013 when it appeared in Ron Abler's IBook "A Centennial Cabinet". The designation above is from this reference.
McPherson / Grant with Scroll Mule
| The two Grant dies appear to be the same with the scroll replacing the date on the latter. The 1868 Grant die was also used with the Parmelee, Webster & Co token; The die with scroll is found with the Civis Edinburgensis and Civis Londiniensis dies.